In this surgery, in the section of the blood vessel artificial tubes are placed. Being blocked or narrowed the tube or graft creates a way. Then blood can move in all the side of blockage space.
Normally bypass surgery involves an old i.e. open incision method. Study is being done on how to do such operations through laparoscopic way.in this use much smaller incisions are used.
The grafts are placed on the aorta. Also they are placed on the femoral arteries.
The aorta is nothing but the important artery.it leaves the heart. It brings oxygen contained blood to the whole body.
Reasons for Procedure
it is actually for good blood flow to the lower part of the body. Then there should be good blood flow through the aorta, the iliac arteries as well as the femoral arteries also.
in this disease there are sticky patches build up on the walls of blood vessels. It results in blockage of the normal flow of blood in the affected blood vessels. If the blood flow is decreased, it make problems to the tissues on the other side of the blockage. Because they do not receive sufficient oxygen. This all results in the following:
There is severe Pain that go on increasing the longer you walk or exercise
Cold feet or legs
Scaly, dry, reddened, itchy, or brown skin on the legs or feet
Nonhealing and/or infected sores on your legs or feet
The need for amputation of the leg
This surgery can restore blood flow to the legs.
If you are planning to have a bypass, you have to consider possible complications, which may include:
Obstruction of the new graft by blood clots
Complications from anesthesia
Before your procedure note the following things and let this know to your surgon also.
Chronic disease such as diabetes or obesity
Call Your Doctor
After you discharge from the hospital, if any of the following problems have been noticed, then call you doctor:
Signs of infection, including fever and chills
If there is Redness, swelling, and also excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the incision site
vomiting you cannot control with the medicines you were given after surgery, it will continue for more than two days after discharge from the hospital
If there is still Pain and you cannot control Evan though the medicines you have been given
If there is Pain, burning, moreover urgency or frequency of urination, or continue bleeding in the urine
Also have problems in Cough, shortness of breath or chest pain
If Your leg becomes cold, pale, blue, tingly, or numb
Also there is found, Pain or swelling in your legs, calves, or feet
In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.