Congenital heart defects are difficulties with the heart's assembly that are existing at birth. These defects can include:
inner walls of the heart
valves inside the heart
arteries and veins that transmit blood to the heart otherwise the body
Congenital heart defects transform the normal flow of blood over and done with the heart.
There are many categories of congenital heart weaknesses. They choice from simple defects with no indications to difficult defects with severe, dangerous symptoms.
Congenital Heart Defects Diagnosed as:
Severe congenital heart defects usually are identified through pregnancy or quickly after birth. Less severe faults often aren't analyzed till children are older.
Slight defects frequently have no signs or symptoms. Doctors may detect them based on results from a physical test and tests done for alternative reason.
Through a physical exam, the doctor will:
Pay attention to your youngster's heart and lungs with a stethoscope
Look for symbols of a heart weakness, smallness of breath, quick breathing, late growth, or symbols of heart failure
Echocardiography (echo) is an effortless test that uses sound waves to create a moving picture of the heart. Throughout the test, the sound waves rebound off the structures of the heart. A computer changes the sound waves into pictures arranged a screen.
Echo lets the doctor to plainly realize whichever problem with the way the heart is shaped or the way it's functioning.
An EKG is a modest, trouble-free test that archives the heart's electrical activity. The test displays how fast the heart is beating and its beat (steady or irregular). An EKG also registers the strength and timing of electrical signs as they pass through the heart.
An EKG can notice if one of the heart's cavities is distended, which can benefit identify a heart problem.
Chest X Ray
A chest x ray is a simple test that generates pictures of the structures in the chest, such as the heart and lungs. This test can display whether the heart is enflamed. It also can display whether the lungs have added blood flow or additional fluid, an indication of heart failure.
For this check, a small sensor is involved to a finger (like an adhesive bandage). The sensor provides an approximation of how plentiful oxygen is in the blood.
Through cardiac catheterization , a thin, supple tube named a catheter is put into a vein in the arm, groin (upper thigh), or neck. The tube is negotiated to the heart.
Cardiac catheterization also is used to healing certain heart deficiencies.
Congenital Heart Defects Treated a;s
The treatment your child obtains depends on the category and harshness of his or her heart deficiency. Additional issues contain your child's oldness, mass, and overall health.
Catheter actions are much stress-free on patients than surgery. They contain merely a needle hole in the skin where the catheter (thin, flexible tube) is implanted into a vein otherwise an artery.
A device prepared up of two small disks or an umbrella-like device is involved to the catheter.
Once the catheter touches the septum, the device is strapped out of the catheter. The device is located so that it lumps the hole between the atria. It’s protected in place and the catheter is reserved from the body.
In 6 months, normal tissue increases in and over the device. The closing device does not want to be substituted as the child grows.
Cardiac physicians may use open-heart surgery to:
Close by holes in the heart with sews or a cover
Patch-up or replace heart valves
Broaden arteries or beginnings to heart valves
Healing complex defects, such as difficulties with the location of blood vessels nearby the heart or how they are shaped