It is a procedure in this a patient's faulty aortic valve is replaced .it is replaced with an artificial heart valve.
Aortic valve surgery is required to replace the aortic valve in your heart if:
blood leaks into the heart if aortic valve does not close
aortic valve does not open fully so blood flow is reduced
The aortic valve can be replaced using:
Minimally invasive surgery:
Description of surgery:
You will receive general anesthesia before surgery.
There are many ways to do surgery. Techniques include min-thoracotomy, min-sternotomy, robot-assisted surgery, and percutaneous surgery.
To perform the different procedures:
The muscles in the area will be divided by making cut in the right part of your chest.
In robotic valve surgery, tiny cuts are made in your chest. Uses a computer robotic arms are controlled. In the operating room. A 3D view of the heart and aortic valve is referred.
There are two types of new valves:
The Procedure is performed because:
It is done when the valve does not work properly. Surgery is done for the following reasons:
Aortic valve changes are causing major heart symptoms, like chest pain, shortness of breath, fainting spells or finally heart failure.
It is harming the work of your heart.
affects to your heart valve from infection
this procedure have benefits like less pain, blood loss, and risk of infection
Risks for any anesthesia are:
Blood clots in the legs that may travel to the lungs
Infection, including in the lungs, kidneys, bladder, chest, or heart valves
Reactions to medicines
Damage to other organs, nerves, or bones
Heart attack, stroke, or death
Infection of the new valve
Irregular heartbeat that must be treated with medicines or a pacemaker
Poor healing of incision
Before the Procedure
Be clear about following things:
If you are pregnant
medicines you are taking
Store blood in the blood bank during surgery.
Stop taking medicines as it is making harder for your blood.
During the days before your surgery:
Medicines you take on the day of surgery.
If you have a cold, flu, fever any other illness tell the surgen.
On the day of your surgery:
Not to drink or eat after the night before your surgery.
Take medicines with small quantity of water.
After the Procedure
After surgery, you will spend a week maximum in the hospital. Some tubes in your chest will be there to drain fluid.
Flexible tube will be in your bladder to drain urine and also have intravenous lines for fluids. Your pulse, temperature, and breathing. Daily blood tests will be watched time to time.
Alternative Names are:
Mini-thoracotomy aortic valve replacement or repair;
Cardiac valvular surgery;
Robotically-assisted aortic valve replacement,
Trancatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).